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New Integrated Knowledge based approachs to the protection of cultural heritage from Earthquake-induced Risk
Projects


Jerusalem
City of David
Conservation of the Shiloah Pool and preparing it for the public
OrdererThe Elad Association (the City of David)
DurationMay - September 2006
Implemented by: Fuad Abu-Taa'
Aliza Van Zaiden
Tsagai Asma'in

In recent years the Shiloah Pool, dating to the Second Temple period, is being exposed in the southern end of the City of David. The excavations are being conducted in the City of David National Park, under the direction of Eli Shukron of the Israel Antiquities Authority and Professor Ronny Reich of the University of Haifa, with funding provided by the Elad Association and under the auspices of the East Jerusalem Development Corporation.
 
Two phases of construction have been revealed in the stairs descending to the pool: the upper phase – stone pavement, and the lower phase – a layer of plaster. The antiquities discovered next to the stairs include an aqueduct from the time of the Second Temple; a small pool through which the aqueduct passes; a complex system of drainage channels; and a plaza from the time of the Second Temple period. The plaza is paved with large flagstones, similar to the pavement of the road that passes to the west, adjacent to the western wall of the Temple Mount.
 
No conservation measures have been undertaken since the excavation of the pool and the finds at the site are exposed to weathering. The aim of the project is to stabilize the pool’s stairs and prepare the site for visits by the public.A conservation plan was drawn up detailing the actions required at the site in accordance with the findings of a survey that was recently conducted there.
 
A conservation plan was drawn up detailing the actions required at the site in accordance with the findings of a survey that was recently conducted there.
 
The main measures that were conducted there are: 
· Stabilization of the bedrock
· Stabilization of the walls
· Stone conservation
· Replacing missing stones in the stairs
· Pointing up the joints with bonding material
· Plaster conservation
· Stabilization of the water channel
· Stabilization of the excavation sections
· Preparation of a visitor’s path.



To view the figures, click on the figure caption
The Shiloah Pool prior to the conservation work; looking west.

The Shiloah Pool prior to the conservation work; looking east.

Plan for completing the stairs, looking east.

Pointing up the joints to stabilize the stairs.


Additional Projects
 Derekh Hebron - Conservation of the aqueduct to ancient Jerusalem
 The Western Wall, The Machkame Building - Conservation of the Southern Facade of the Machkema Building
 City of David - Conservation measures accompanying an excavation in the north of the City of David
 The Western Wall Tunnel - Conservation Report for 2005
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Hasmonean Room - Conservation Treatment of the Hasmonean Room
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Miqve’ot (ritual baths) - An excavation accompanied by conservation, conservation of the miqve’ot
 City of David, Givati Car Park - Stabilization and post-excavation conservation
 The Old City, Western Wall Tunnels - The Rabbi Getz Synagogue, Conservation and renewal
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Secret Passage - Conservation and stabilization after excavation
 Zahal Square - Implementation of conservation measures
 The Old City - Conservation of the western ritual bath (miqve) in the Western Wall tunnel
 The Old City - Conserving the Engineers’ Tombs in the Jaffa Gate Plaza
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Hasmonean Aqueduct - Conservation Measures for Removing Hazards
 The Western Wall Tunnels - Removing Hazards from the Hall with the Temple Mount Model
 The Old City - Conservation of the Church of St. Mary of the Knights (The German Church)
 The Western Wall - Hazard Removal
 Jerusalem - Maintaining Antiquities Sites in the Western Part of the City
 City of David - Conservation Maintenance
 The Wall Builders Garden - Conservation Measures
 Akeldama - The Conservation of a Crusader Burial Structure
 Ophel City Walls - Conservation of the Walls
 The Wall Builders Garden - Conservation and Development
 Mount Zion - Conservation Measures at David’s Tomb
 The Old City - A Plaster 'Pilot' Project in the Crusader Cardo
 The Ades Synagogue - Conservation of the Murals, 2013
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