New Integrated Knowledge based approachs to the protection of cultural heritage from Earthquake-induced Risk

City of David
Conservation measures accompanying an excavation in the north of the City of David
OrdererElad Association
DurationJanuary - February 2006
Implemented by: Tsagai Asma'in

During the past year an archaeological excavation was conducted at the visitors’ center in the City of David by Dr. Eilat Mazar, on behalf of the Shalem Center and the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
The excavations revealed the remains of a monumental building – a public building or perhaps even a palace – that probably dates to the time of King David, that is, the tenth century BCE (the time of the First Temple). This find is of great importance because of the long-running debate regarding the importance of Jerusalem during this period. A number of water installations dating to the Second Temple period and building remains from the Byzantine period were also exposed at the site.
The aim of the conservation work was to stabilize the existing finds thereby making it possible to open the site to visits by the public in the future.
The conservation measures included:
  • Returning large masonry stones that collapsed during the course of the excavation to their original place.
  • Stabilizing and preserving the walls of the structures by means of restoring missing stone and bonding material; pointing up the joints; and sealing the tops of the walls (coping).
  • Filling the cracks in fractured or broken stones with bonding material.
  • Reinforcing the edges of the plaster remains in the water cisterns and cleaning the plaster.

To view the figures, click on the figure caption
The northern part of the City of David, general view of the excavation area

Stabilizing the walls of the structures

A stone wall from the First Temple period prior to the conservation work

The First Temple period wall after conservation.

Additional Projects
 Derekh Hebron - Conservation of the aqueduct to ancient Jerusalem
 The Western Wall, The Machkame Building - Conservation of the Southern Facade of the Machkema Building
 City of David - Conservation of the Shiloah Pool and preparing it for the public
 The Western Wall Tunnel - Conservation Report for 2005
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Hasmonean Room - Conservation Treatment of the Hasmonean Room
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Miqve’ot (ritual baths) - An excavation accompanied by conservation, conservation of the miqve’ot
 City of David, Givati Car Park - Stabilization and post-excavation conservation
 The Old City, Western Wall Tunnels - The Rabbi Getz Synagogue, Conservation and renewal
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Secret Passage - Conservation and stabilization after excavation
 Zahal Square - Implementation of conservation measures
 The Old City - Conservation of the western ritual bath (miqve) in the Western Wall tunnel
 The Old City - Conserving the Engineers’ Tombs in the Jaffa Gate Plaza
 The Western Wall Tunnels, The Hasmonean Aqueduct - Conservation Measures for Removing Hazards
 The Western Wall Tunnels - Removing Hazards from the Hall with the Temple Mount Model
 The Old City - Conservation of the Church of St. Mary of the Knights (The German Church)
 The Western Wall - Hazard Removal
 Jerusalem - Maintaining Antiquities Sites in the Western Part of the City
 City of David - Conservation Maintenance
 The Wall Builders Garden - Conservation Measures
 Akeldama - The Conservation of a Crusader Burial Structure
 Ophel City Walls - Conservation of the Walls
 The Wall Builders Garden - Conservation and Development
 Mount Zion - Conservation Measures at David’s Tomb
 The Old City - A Plaster 'Pilot' Project in the Crusader Cardo
 The Ades Synagogue - Conservation of the Murals, 2013

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